Prevention, Treatment, Symptoms and Causes of High Blood Sugar

Originally posted on October 1, 2022 @ 2:25 pm

Any diabetes treatment plan’s core component is blood sugar levels management. People with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are susceptible to high blood sugar, or hyperglycemia, which is a serious concern.

There are basically two types:

  • Fasting Hyperglycemia during fasting Patients with blood sugar levels greater than 130 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter) after at least 8 hours without food or liquids are said to have the condition.
  • Hyperglycemia After meal or postprandial This is defined as blood sugar that is more than 180 mg/dL two hours after eating. Unless the meal is quite large, people without diabetes rarely have blood sugar levels over 140 mg/dL after eating.

Your nerves, blood vessels, and organs can become damaged by persistent or frequent high blood sugar. Additionally, it may trigger additional harmful problems. Ketoacidosis, a buildup of acids in the blood, is more common in this

e with type 1 diabetes.


high blood sugar
high blood sugar

RECOMEMDED TO READ How to Determine Your Blood Sugar Levels

Extremely high blood sugar levels can cause a potentially fatal situation where your body is unable to handle sugar if you have type 2 diabetes or are at risk for developing it. The condition is known as hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (HHNS).

At first, you’ll urinate more frequently, then less frequently, but your urine could turn dark and you could get dangerously dehydrated.

To help avoid consequences, it’s crucial to address high blood sugar symptoms as soon as they appear.

Causes of High Blood Sugar

Your blood sugar level may increase if:

  • Don’t take or forget to take your oral glucose-lowering medication or insulin.
  • Eat too many carbohydrates in general or consume too many grams of carbohydrates compared to the amount of insulin you have taken.
  • Do you have a disease?
  • are ill.
  • are anxious
  • Turn inactive or exercise less frequently than usual.
  • Do vigorous exercise, especially if your insulin levels are low and your blood sugar levels are high.

Symptoms of High Blood Sugar

Early warning signals include

  • Thirst
  • Headaches
  • Having trouble focusing
  • eyes that are cloudy
high blood sugar
high blood sugar
  • urinating frequently
  • Fatigue (weak, fatigued feelings) (weak, tired feelings)
  • weight loss.
  • higher than 180 mg/dL of blood sugar.

Continual blood sugar levels may result in

  • Infections of the skin and vaginal
  • Cuts and sores that take a long time to heal.
  • worse vision
  • Erectile dysfunction, hair loss on the lower extremities, or painful, chilly, or sensitive feet are all symptoms of nerve damage.
  • Constipation and digestive issues include persistent diarrhea.
  • damage to your kidneys, blood vessels, or eyes.

Treatment of High Blood Sugar?

If you have diabetes and you see any of the early indications of high blood sugar, check your blood sugar and make an appointment with your physician. They can ask you to provide the findings of various readings. They might suggest the following adjustments:

  • Increase your water intake. You can reduce blood sugar levels by drinking water, which also prevents dehydration.
  • Increase your physical activity. Your blood sugar can be lowered through exercise. But under certain circumstances, it might even raise blood sugar levels. What type of exercise is best for you should be discussed with your doctor.
high blood sugar
high blood sugar
  • Caution: You should check your urine for ketones if you have type 1 diabetes and your blood sugar is high. Exercise is not recommended when you have ketones. If you have type 2 diabetes and your blood sugar is high, you should also make sure that your urine is free of ketones and that you are properly hydrated. Then, if you feel up to it, your doctor might give you the go-ahead for you to exercise with caution.
  • Alter your dietary patterns. A dietician might be able to help you change how much and what kinds of food you eat.
  • Alternate your meds. Your doctor might alter the quantity, frequency, or kind of diabetic drugs you use. Never make changes without consulting them first.

Your doctor could ask you to get a urine or blood test for ketones if you have type 1 diabetes and your blood sugar is over 250 mg/dL.

If your blood sugar is above your treatment objectives, call your doctor.

How to Prevent High Blood Sugar

Hyperglycemia shouldn’t be a concern if you make an effort to control your blood sugar by sticking to your diet plan, exercise routine, and medication schedule. Additionally, you can

  • Know your diet and track the total amount of carbohydrates in each meal and snack.
  • Regularly check your blood sugar levels.
  • If you consistently have blood sugar readings that are abnormal, let your doctor know.
  • Wear medical identification to let people know you have diabetes in case of an emergency.

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