Breast Cancer | Causes, Symptoms, Signs, Treament

Originally posted on September 21, 2022 @ 8:39 am

Breast cancer can affect anybody. The most frequent cancer in women in the United States is breast cancer (excluding skin cancer). Less than 1% of all breast cancer cases in men, making up male breast cancer, Breast cancer can affect anybody. The most frequent cancer in women in the United States is breast cancer (excluding skin cancer). Less than 1% of all breast cancer cases in men, making up male breast cancer rare .

What is Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer is a condition when the breast cells proliferate uncontrollably. There are various forms of breast cancer. The type of breast cancer is determined by which breast cells develop into cancer.

There are numerous places in the breast where breast cancer can start. Lobules, ducts, and connective tissue make up the three basic components of a breast. The glands that create milk are known as lobules. Milk travels in tubes called ducts all the way to the nipple. Everything is surrounded by and held together by connective tissue, which is made up of fatty and fibrous tissue. In the ducts or lobules, breast tumors typically start.

Through blood and lymph veins, breast cancer can spread outside of the breast. Breast cancer is referred to as having metastasized when it spreads to different body areas

what is breast cancer
what is breast cancer


Types of Breast Cancer

The breast cancer types that are most prevalent are:

Ductal Cancer that has Spread. The cancerous cells start off in the ducts and spread into other areas of the breast tissue as they continue to grow. Invasive cancer cells are also capable of metastasizing to other body organs.

Aggressive Lobular Cancer: The lobules are the starting point for cancer cells, which spread from there to the nearby breast tissues. Other body organs may potentially become infected by these invasive cancer cells.

There are numerous additional, less typical forms of breast cancer, including Paget’s disease,

  • Medullary,
  • Mucking-filled, and
  • Inflammatory breast cancers.

Signs of Breast Cancer

Breast conditions, including ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), can progress to invasive breast cancer. The breast’s other tissues have not been affected by the cancer cells, which are contained solely in the ducts’ lining.

Symptoms of Breast Cancer

According to the American Cancer Society, breast cancer can show up as any of the following strange changes in the breasts:

  • whole or partial breast swelling.
  • discomfort or dimples on the skin.
  • Breast pain
  • The nipple turns inward or experiences pain.
  • Skin on the nipple or breast that is red, scaly, or thickens
  • non-breastmilk nipple discharge
  • The underarm region contains a bulge.

A cyst or an infection are two less dangerous illnesses that could be indicated by these changes.

Causes Of Breast Cancer

what is breast cancer
what is breast cancer

Unchangeable Risk Factors: Ageing With age, the chance of breast cancer rises. Breast cancer is typically discovered after age 50.
changes in the genome. Women who inherit changes in certain genes, like BRCA1 and BRCA2, are more likely to get breast and ovarian cancer.

History of Reproduction: Women who begin menstruating before age 12 or wait until age 55 to begin menopause are exposed to hormones for a longer length of time, increasing their risk of breast cancer.

Being thick-Breasted: Because dense breasts have more connective tissue than fatty tissue, tumors may occasionally be difficult to identify on mammography. Breast cancer is more likely to strike women with thick breast tissue.

Breast cancer or certain non-cancerous breast disorders in one’s own personal history: Women who have already experienced breast cancer are more likely to develop it again. Two noncancerous breast conditions, atypical hyperplasia and lobular carcinoma in situ, have been linked to a higher risk of getting breast cancer.

Running in the family: breast or ovarian cancer. If a woman has a mother, sister, or daughter who has had breast or ovarian cancer (a first-degree relative), or several family members on either her mother’s or father’s side of the family, her risk of developing breast cancer is increased. Having a first-degree male relative who has breast cancer is another thing that puts women at risk.

Radiation Treatments in the past for Treatment: Women who received radiation therapy to the chest or breasts before the age of 30 (for instance, as treatment for Hodgkin’s lymphoma) are more likely to get breast cancer later in life.

Diethylstilbestrol exposure (DES): External symbol In order to reduce the risk of miscarriage, DES was administered to some pregnant people in the US between 1940 and 1971. Breast cancer risk is increased for women who used DES or for women whose mothers used DES while carrying them.

Risk Factors of Breast Cancer

NOTE: Physical activity can help reduce your risk of developing breast cancer.

  • Not Engaging in Physical Activity: Breast cancer risk is increased for women who are not physically active.
  • After Menopause: Becoming obese or overweight Breast cancer is more likely to affect older women who are obese or overweight than those who are at a healthy weight.
  • Consuming Hormones: When used for longer than five years, some hormone replacement therapy regimens (those that contain both progesterone and estrogen) can increase the risk of breast cancer. Several oral contraceptives (birth control pills) have also been shown to raise the risk of breast cancer.
  • History of Reproduction: Breast cancer risk can be increased by starting menstruation beyond the age of 30, by choosing not to nurse, and by never carrying a pregnancy to term.
  • Alcohol Consumption: According to studies, the more alcohol a woman consumes, the higher her risk of developing breast cancer is.

According to research, the risk of breast cancer may also be increased by additional variables like smoking, exposure to chemicals that can cause cancer, and changes in other hormones brought on by working nights.

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Treatment Of Breast Cancer

what is breast cancer
what is breast cancer

Several methods are used to treat breast cancer. Depending on the type of breast cancer and the extent of its spread, Treatment options for breast cancer patients frequently vary.

  • Surgery: Is a surgical procedure when cancerous tissue is removed.
  • Chemotherapy Using specialized medications to reduce or eradicate cancer cells The drugs may come in the form of oral pills, intravenous injections, or perhaps even both.
  • The Use of Hormones: It prevents the hormones needed for cancer cells to grow from reaching them.
  • Biology-Based Treatment: Your body’s immune system assists in battling cancerous cells and managing the negative effects of other cancer treatments.
  • The use of Radiation: Destroying the cancer cells with high-energy, X-ray-like beams.

In order to treat breast cancer, doctors from various specialties frequently collaborate. Surgeons are physicians who carry out procedures. Medical oncologists are physicians who use medication to treat cancer. Doctors who use radiation to treat cancer are known as radiation oncologists.


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