What is Gestational Diabetes? | Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Originally posted on September 10, 2022 @ 10:44 pm

Gestational diabetes is very common in every pregnant woman and its advice you read through to know how to control it because all the tips you need to get rid of it are all documented here.

What is Gestational Diabetes?

Your blood sugar levels rise during pregnancy if you have gestational diabetes. Up to 10% of pregnant women in the United States are affected by it annually. Women who are pregnant and have never had a diabetes diagnosis are affected.

Gestational diabetes can be categorized into two groups: Diet and exercise can help women with class A1 manage their condition. People with type A2 diabetes must use insulin or other drugs.

After giving birth, gestational diabetes disappears. But it can have an impact on your baby’s health and increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future. There are actions you may take to maintain your health and that of your unborn child.

What is the Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes

Most gestational diabetic women don’t experience symptoms or may mistake them for those associated with pregnancy. Most people learn they have it during an ordinary screening.

what is gestational diabetes
what is gestational diabetes

Possible findings include:

  • You’re thirsty more than usual.
  • You eat more than usual because of increased hunger.
  • Compared to usual, you urinate more.

What are the Causes of Gestational Diabetes

When you eat, your pancreas releases insulin, a hormone that aids in the transfer of the blood sugar glucose to your cells, which use it as fuel.

The hormones your placenta produces during pregnancy cause your blood glucose levels to rise. In most cases, your pancreas can produce enough insulin to deal with it. However, if your body is unable to produce enough insulin or stops utilizing it properly, your blood sugar levels increase and you get gestational diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes Risk Factors

Gestational diabetes is more probable in people who:

  • I was overweight prior to becoming pregnant.
  • Are you American Native, Alaska Native, Asian, Hispanic, African-American, or Asian?
  • A blood sugar level that is higher than normal but not high enough to indicate diabetes (this is called prediabetes).
  • Do you have a diabetic relative?
  • prior experience with gestational diabetes
  • If you have polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) or another medical condition that is connected to insulin sensitivity,
  • If you have medical issues such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, or other ailments,
  • I have given birth to an enormous child (weighing more than 9 pounds).
  • I experienced a miscarriage.
  • I possess a stillborn child or a child with a specific birth condition.
  • age greater than 25.


Gestational Diabetes Tests and Diagnosis

The second half of pregnancy is when gestational diabetes typically manifests. If you’re at high risk, your doctor may perform the test sooner, between weeks 24 and 28.

Your doctor will perform a glucose tolerance test on you in which you will consume 50 grams of glucose in the form of a sweet beverage, raising your blood sugar levels. An hour later, you’ll perform a blood glucose test to find out how your body processed all that sugar.

If the findings indicate that your blood sugar is above a predetermined level, you will require a 3-hour oral glucose tolerance test, which entails having a blood test performed 3 hours after consuming a 100-gram glucose beverage. You can also be tested by your doctor by fasting for 12 hours, followed by the administration of a 75-gram glucose drink and a 2-hour blood glucose test.

In the event that you are at high risk but your test results are normal, your doctor may decide to retest you later on in the pregnancy to ensure that you are still free of the condition.

what is gestational diabetes
what is gestational diabetes

Treatment for Gestational Diabetes

If you have gestational diabetes to keep both you and your unborn child healthy throughout your pregnancy and delivery, you should get treatment as soon as feasible. You will be prompted to

  • Check your blood sugar four or more times per day.
  • Examine your urine for ketones, which are molecules that indicate uncontrolled diabetes.
  • Consume a balanced diet.
  • Form the habit of exercising

Your doctor will monitor your weight and your child’s growth. To keep your blood sugar under control, they could give you insulin or another medication.

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Pregnant Women’s Target on Blood Sugar Levels

Pregnant women who monitor their blood sugar should aim for these values, according to the American Diabetes Association:

  • Before a meal, take 95 mg/dL or less.
  • 140 mg/dL or less an hour after a meal.
  • 120 mg/dL or less two hours after a meal.
  • Gestational Diabetes: Diet and Exercise

To maintain your health, follow these easy steps:

  • Consume a nutritious, low-sugar diet. To ensure you’re receiving the nourishment you require, speak with your doctor.
  • Observe a diet designed for someone with diabetes:
  • Consider substituting naturally sweet foods like fruits, carrots, and raisins for sugary treats like cookies, candies, and ice cream.
  • Be mindful of your portion amounts while adding vegetables and whole grains.
  • Throughout the day, eat three modest meals and two to three snacks at regular intervals.
  • Consume 20% protein and 40% carbohydrates per day. With fat content between 25% and 40%, the majority of the carbohydrates should be complex, high-fiber carbohydrates.
  • Incorporate 20–35 grams of fiber each day. Oatmeal, brown or wild rice, oatmeal, vegetables, fruits, and whole-grain breads, cereals, and pasta will all help you get there.
  • At least 40% of your daily calories should be from fat altogether. Less than 10% of your total calorie intake should be from saturated fat.

Make sure you eat a variety of foods to receive the necessary amounts of vitamins and minerals. To be completely prepared, you might need to take a vitamin. If you want to know if you should take one, ask your doctor.

Pregnancy  Exercise is Advised: If your doctor gives the all-clear, you can exercise while you have gestational diabetes. The best way to control your blood sugar is to stay active. Pregnancy fitness is also beneficial for posture and can help you avoid typical pregnancy issues like exhaustion and backaches.

As soon as you can, start moving. For the majority of the week, aim for 30 minutes of moderate exercise. Biking, swimming, walking, and running are all possibilities.

Did you engage in any exercise before learning you were pregnant? Do you have a favorite pastime? Consult your doctor to determine whether you should stick with it, make any changes, or try something else instead.

Your blood sugar can drop if you exercise. So, if you exercise, always carry some sort of rapid sugar, like glucose tablets or hard candies, with you.

Get the correct prenatal care: In addition to screening you for this illness, your doctor can provide guidance on what to eat, how to exercise, and how to lose weight. They may be able to recommend other medical specialists, such as dietitians, who can be of assistance.

If you suffer from morning sickness, consume modest snacks. Before you leave your bed, munch on some crackers, cereal, or pretzels. Throughout the day, eat small meals frequently and steer clear of fatty, fried, and greasy foods.

If you take insulin, be sure you have a plan in place for how to handle low blood sugar. Your glucose level can fall if you throw up. If you’re uncertain about what to do, speak with your doctor.

Prevention of Gestational  Diabetes.

Increase your chances of becoming pregnant by:

  • Keeping up a balanced diet
  • remaining active
  • reducing excess weight.

Does Gestational Diabetes Affect My Baby?

If you and your doctor control your blood sugar while you have gestational diabetes, your baby will likely be healthy.

Doctors will examine your newborn’s blood sugar level immediately after delivery. If it’s low, they might need to receive glucose via an IV until it rises to normal.

The likelihood that your baby will be larger than average increases if you have gestational diabetes. Jaundice, which causes the skin to appear yellow, is also connected to it. Treatment usually makes jaundice disappear fast.

Even though your child will have a higher chance than other children of developing type 2 diabetes in the future, leading a healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet and plenty of exercise helps reduce that risk.

Will Gestational Diabetes be prone  to Type 2 Diabetes?

what is gestational diabetes
what is gestational diabetes

You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you have gestational diabetes. You can take steps to avoid that, though, so it won’t absolutely happen.

Approximately six weeks after giving birth, your blood sugar levels should return to normal. (Your doctor will investigate this.) If it does, you should get follow-up exams every three years if it does.

To reduce the risk of Gestational Diabetes,

  • Maintain a healthy weight range as much as you can. I’m unsure of what that is. Consult your doctor.
  • Eat a healthy diet that is high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein.
  • Form a habit of working out.

You should be aware of your increased risk of developing gestational diabetes if you intend to have another child. Inquire with your doctor about any lifestyle modifications that could help you prevent that.


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